AN INTRODUCTION TO 15 PROMINANT ISO STANDARDS IN BRIEF
This International Standard is based on the quality management principles described in ISO 9000. The descriptions include a statement of each principle, a rationale of why the principle is important for the organization, some examples of benefits associated with the principle and examples of typical actions to improve the organization’s performance when applying the principle.
The quality management principles are:
- customer focus;
- engagement of people;
- process approach;
- evidence-based decision making;
- Relationship management.
Let us check the 15 prominent ISO standards in brief:
1. QMS-Quality Management System
ISO 9001:2015 – Quality management systems — Requirements
The potential benefits to an organization of implementing a quality management system based on this International Standard are:
- The ability to consistently provide products and services that meet customer and applicable statutory and regulatory requirements;
- Facilitating opportunities to enhance customer satisfaction;
- Addressing risks and opportunities associated with its context and objectives;
- The ability to demonstrate conformity to specified quality management system requirements.
2. EnMS – Energy Management System
ISO 50001:2018 – Energy management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
The aim of this document is to enable organizations to establish the systems and processes necessary to continually improve energy performance, including energy efficiency, energy use and energy consumption. This document specifies the energy management system (EnMS) requirements for an organization. Successful implementation of an EnMS supports a culture of energy performance improvement that depends upon commitment from all levels of the organization, especially top management. In many instances, this involves cultural changes within an organization.
Energy audits — Requirements with guidance for use
Energy management systems — Requirements for bodies providing audit and certification of energy management systems
3. EMS- Environmental Management System
ISO 14000:2015 – Environmental management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
Achieving a balance between the environment, society and the economy is considered essential to meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. Sustainable development as a goal is achieved by balancing the three pillars of sustainability.
4. Risk Management
ISO 31000:2018 Risk management — Guidelines
This document is for use by people who create and protect value in organizations by managing risks, making decisions, setting and achieving objectives and improving performance.
Organizations of all types and sizes face external and internal factors and influences that make it uncertain whether they will achieve their objectives.
Managing risk is iterative and assists organizations in setting strategy, achieving objectives and making informed decisions.
5. Occupational Health & Safety Management System
ISO 45001:2018- Occupational health and safety management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
An organization is responsible for the occupational health and safety of workers and others who can be affected by its activities. This responsibility includes promoting and protecting their physical and mental health. The adoption of an OH&S management system is intended to enable an organization to provide safe and healthy workplaces, prevent work-related injury and ill health, and continually improve its OH&S performance.
6. Food Safety Management System
ISO 22000:2018 – Food safety management systems — Requirements for any organization in the food chain
The adoption of a food safety management system (FSMS) is a strategic decision for an organization that can help to improve its overall performance in food safety. The potential benefits to an organization of implementing a FSMS based on this document are:
- the ability to consistently provide safe foods and products and services that meet customer and applicable statutory and regulatory requirements;
- addressing risks associated with its objectives;
- the ability to demonstrate conformity to specified FSMS requirements.
7. Water efficiency Management System
ISO 46001:2019 – Water efficiency management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
Water is essential to life and forms part of the environment. Global concern for the state of the environment has identified that water resources are subject to significant pressures from water demand and from the impacts of climate change. The pressures on organizations to implement water efficiency programmes can arise from limited water resources and exist particularly in resource exploitation activities such as mining, forestry, oil and gas extraction, and in agriculture. They might also arise from commercial, institutional and industrial activities whether water is supplied by water utilities or comes directly from the environment.
8. Laboratory Management system
ISO/IEC 17025:2017 – General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories
The objective of this standard is to promote confidence in the operation of laboratories and enable laboratories to demonstrate competency and generate valid results.
As in ISO 9001 this standard address to plan and implement action to address risk and opportunity , this helps in increasing the effectiveness of management system , achieving improves results and preventing negative effects.
9. Information Security Management system
ISO/IEC 27000:2018 – Information technology — Security techniques — Information security management systems — Overview and vocabulary
International Standards for management systems provide a model to follow in setting up and operating a management system. This model incorporates the features on which experts in the field have reached a consensus as being the international state of the art. ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 27 maintains an expert committee dedicated to the development of international management systems standards for information security, otherwise known as the Information Security Management system (ISMS) family of standards.
10. Social Responsibility
ISO 26000:2010 – Guidance on social responsibility
Organizations around the world, and their stakeholders, are becoming increasingly aware of the need for and benefits of socially responsible behaviour. The objective of social responsibility is to contribute to sustainable development.
An organization’s performance in relation to the society in which it operates and to its impact on the environment has become a critical part of measuring its overall performance and its ability to continue operating effectively. This is, in part, a reflection of the growing recognition of the need to ensure healthy ecosystems, social equity and good organizational governance. In the long run, all organizations’ activities depend on the health of the world’s ecosystems. Organizations are subject to greater scrutiny by their various stakeholders. The perception and reality of an organization’s performance on social responsibility can influence, among other things:
- its competitive advantage;
- its reputation;
- its ability to attract and retain workers or members, customers, clients or users;
- the maintenance of employees’ morale, commitment and productivity;
- the view of investors, owners, donors, sponsors and the financial community; and
- its relationship with companies, governments, the media, suppliers, peers, customers and the community in which it operates.
11. Date and time format
ISO 8601-1:2019 – Date and time — Representations for information interchange — Part 1: Basic rules
ISO 8601-2:2019 – Date and time — Representations for information interchange — Part 2: Extensions
The purpose of this document is to provide a standard set of date and time format representations for information interchange, in order to minimize the risk of misinterpretation, confusion and their consequences.
12. Country Code
- ISO 3166-1:2013
Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions — Part 1: Country codes
- ISO 3166-2:2013
Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions — Part 2: Country subdivision code
- ISO 3166-3:2013
Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions — Part 3: Code for formerly used names of countries
13. Anti –Bribery Management System
ISO 37001:2016 – Anti-bribery management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
Bribery is a widespread phenomenon. It raises serious social, moral, economic and political concerns, undermines good governance, hinders development and distorts competition. It erodes justice, undermines human rights and is an obstacle to the relief of poverty. It also increases the cost of doing business, introduces uncertainties into commercial transactions, increases the cost of goods and services, and diminishes the quality of products and services, which can lead to loss of life and property, destroys trust in institutions and interferes with the fair and efficient operation of markets.
14. Medical Devices
ISO 13485:2016 – Medical devices — Quality management systems — Requirements for regulatory purposes
This International Standard specifies requirements for a quality management system that can be used by an organization involved in one or more stages of the life-cycle of a medical device, including design and development, production, storage and distribution, installation, servicing and final decommissioning and disposal of medical devices, and design and development, or provision of associated activities (e.g. technical support). The requirements in this International Standard can also be used by suppliers or other external parties providing product (e.g. raw materials, components, subassemblies, medical devices, sterilization services, calibration services, distribution services, maintenance services) to such organizations. The supplier or external party can voluntarily choose to conform to the requirements of this International Standard or can be required by contract to conform.
15. Water footprint and Water Impact Assessment
ISO 14046:2014 – Environmental management — Water footprint — Principles, requirements and guidelines
Water is an essential natural resource.
The issue of water and its management has become increasingly central to the global debate on sustainable development. This interest has been driven by growing water demand, increasing water scarcity in many areas and/or degradation of water quality. This drives the need for a better understanding of water related impacts as a basis for improved water management at local, regional, national and global levels.
It is therefore desirable to have appropriate assessment techniques that can be used in an internationally consistent manner.
Source: Introduction part of respective ISO standards