An Introduction to SKILL INDIA MISSION
Learning and Development, training plays an important role in enhancing the skill, knowledge and competency which is useful at workplace to deliver in right manner with effectively and efficiently. When we talk about Learning & development; learning has a meaning of getting, obtaining, acquiring and securing knowledge and skill about specific subject and this learned knowledge and skill has to be developed. Development is nothing but a process of escalating, enhancing what is learned and this Training, Learning & Development is a process of continuous nature.
Above all, author strongly believes that HUMAN ATTITUDE plays a vital role in process of Learning and Development and key for skill enhancement.
There is an interesting report published by Udemy, an online learning platform, presents statistic about SKILL GAPS, “2019/2020 Global Skill Gap report”. It is fourth survey of employees in five countries namely India, Spain, France, Brazil, and Mexico (https://research.udemy.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/2019_2020-Skills-Gap-Report-FINAL.pdf).
Especially on skill part, following are the outcome of the report,
- On average, 83% of employees worldwide believe there is skill gap.
- On average, 62% of employees feel personally affected by this skill gap.
- Employee from India (92%), Brazil (94%) and France (91%) agreed that there is skill gap, ahead of Mexico (72%) and Spain (77%).
- Indian employees believe that they learn mostly through online courses (44 per cent) and corporate professional development (34 per cent).
Indian economy is growing in a faster way, expanding in all the sectors of industries and organization having wide range of production and services. So, there is definitely requirement of skilled young Indians.
A comprehensive Skill Gap Analysis to be carried out as per the requirement of latest trend in the industries and training module required to be made.
The skill gap is required to narrow down gradually but in a faster way.
Looking towards to this requirement of skill development with respect to Skill Gap Analysis, let us get introduced with SKILL INDIA MISSION which is playing a vital role in rapidly narrowing the skill gap in India.
SKILL INDIA MISSION
With an aims to train over 40 crore people in India in different skills by 2022, SKILL INDIA MISSION was Launched by Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi on 15 July 2015, The mission further aims at result oriented and quality approach training and certification of Indian youth to take up industry-relevant skill training that help them a better livelihood and respect in the society.
HOW IT WORKS?
Government of India set up a separate Skill Development Ministry in 2014.
CENTRAL GOVERNMENT MINISTRIES AND SKILL DEVELOPMENT
Ministry of Skill Development Entrepreneurship
–Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) is the flagship scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) implemented by National Skill Development Corporation. Individuals with prior learning experience or skills will also be assessed and certified under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL).
Ministry of Human Resource Development
–Responsible for skill projects in school and college.
Ministry of Rural Development
–Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY), DDU-GKY is a part of the National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM), with the dual objectives of adding diversity to the incomes of rural poor families and caters to the career aspirations of rural youth.
Other ministries are Ministry of Urban Affairs, Textile, Tourism, Tribal Affairs.
SYSTEM OF SKILL MISSION
National Skill Development Agency (NSDA) is an autonomous body under Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship that anchors the National Skill Qualifications Framework and allied quality assurance mechanisms for synergizing skill initiatives in the country. NSDA works as the nodal agency for State Skill Development Missions. (Source – https://www.nsda.gov.in/nsda-about-us.html)
National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) is a not-for-profit public limited company incorporated on July 31, 2008 under section 25 of the Companies Act, 1956 (corresponding to section 8 of the Companies Act, 2013). NSDC was set up by Ministry of Finance as Public Private Partnership (PPP) model. The Government of India through Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) holds 49% of the share capital of NSDC, while the private sector has the balance 51% of the share capital. (Source – https://nsdcindia.org/about-us).
State Skill Development Mission, This has been set up by state government and purpose is the better coordination between central government and departments in states.
Sector Skill Councils
Sector Skill Councils are set up as autonomous industry-led bodies by NSDC. They create Occupational Standards and Qualification bodies, develop competency framework, conduct Train the Trainer Programs, conduct skill gap studies and Assess and Certify trainees on the curriculum aligned to National Occupational Standards developed by them.
There are currently 38 Sector Skill Councils are operational. There are over 600 Corporate Representatives in the Governing Councils of these SSCs.
As an example, some of the Sector Skill Councils are mentioned below, for more details one can visit https://msde.gov.in/en/organizations/ssc.
- Aerospace and Aviation Sector Skill Council
- Agriculture Skill Council of India
- Apparel Made-Ups & Home Furnishing Sector Skill Council
- Automotive Skills Development Council
- Beauty & Wellness Sector Skill Council
OBJECTIVES OF SKILL INDIA PROGRAMME
- The program is expected to reduce dependence on urban and semi-urban jobs.
- It will foster and develop Micro, small and Medium Enterprises by providing ample work opportunities in rural India.
- It also strives to achieve gender equality for income in India
- The program will bring many foreign countries to impart specific skills to train Indians.
- A very good conducive environment will be created for employment, education system, and technological advancements.
IMPORTANCE SKILL DEVELOPMENT
- The Indian economy is growing in faster way and world is recognizing it. In line with this growing economy, skill development is emerged as an important aspect.
- Skill development is to be initiated in such a way that it support leverage potential of the youth population.
- Skill development programme shall ensure that Indian enterprises remain globally competitive.
BENEFIT OF SKILL INDIA MISSION
- With appropriate skill development, the young people of India can get to better-paying positions and experience a better quality of living.
- With legitimate improvement at the grass-root level, each area inside the economy will encounter equivalent development.
- With skilled Indians entering the workforce, better outcomes can be accomplished at a faster pace, which can possibly support the nation’s economic development.
Already achieved numbers by Skill India Mission is found to be encouraging in all parts, sectors and related industries/organization.